This is the time when they need help, support, and advice in the right direction regarding all the above problems. This time is really very crucial because their future is going to be transformed on the basis of what they choose today, not for the professional person but as a person, as a son, as a friend, as a social being and later on as parents. This is the right age to take a child through this understanding because at this age a lot of physical and psychological changes happen. Out of which physical change can be visible but psychological changes are hard to observe.
Concerns about value increases
The developing years are confusing and exciting for kids and their parents. kid's self-awareness becomes sharper and they develop strong likes, dislikes and personal styles. It's important to focus on how to build the core value system and self-worth.
Day dreaming becomes prominent
For the most part psychologists have sort of assumed that we spend most of our time engaged in goal-directed thought and that, every so often, we have blips of irrelevant thoughts that pop up on the radar.
Emotions become unstable
Start to understand that feelings are much more than just the amorphous clouds of pain or pleasure that they feel like when you're in them; start to see those clouds as mere surfaces, concealing complex and highly specific configurations of memories and obsolete assumptions
Family ties loosens
Two or more people who share goals and values, have long term commitments to one another, and reside usually in the same dwelling place. "This definition has not changed over the years; families today still rely on each other for love, and financial and emotional stability.
Friendship begins to displace family relations
Friendships of children from about six to nine years of age follow a pattern that Rawlins (1992) describes as opportunity and activity The friends usually live close to one another and are of the same sex and similar in age, social status, and social maturity.
Independence, privacy and personal space becomes a major issue
Independence is defined as making decisions for one's self and acting on the basis of one's own thought processes, judgment, and decision making. Part of the developmental process for adolescents is to learn to work out one's own problems independently.
Physical appearance becomes a concern
WHEN most of us look at ourselves in a mirror; we see areas that we feel could be improved. So we rearrange our clothes or hair or apply a little makeup and then get on with our day. Such concern about our appearance is normal and proper. But for some people concern about their looks goes to extremes, giving rise to a condition that has been called body dysmorphic disorder.
Mood swings grow more frequent and dramatic
If a person has an abnormal level of certain neurotransmitters (NTs) in their brain, it may result to having mood swings or a mood disorder. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter in the brain that is involved with sleep, moods, and emotional states. A slight imbalance of this NT could result in depression.
Reasoning ability expands
Basic reasoning skills are those processes basic to cognition of all forms. There are four categories of basic reasoning skills: (1) storage skills, (2) retrieval skills, (3) matching skills, and (4) execution skills.
Rebellious behavior is more common
Rebellious behavior from your child can drive a wedge between your relationship with your child or teen. You may think that a heavy, strict hand is the best way to stop rebellious behavior in its tracks
Risk taking increases & Self esteems become fragile.
Decision making and risk taking are interrelated processes that are important for daily functioning. The somatic marker hypothesis has provided a conceptual basis for processes involved in risk-taking decision making and has been used to link discrete neural substrates to risk-related behaviors.